Local retail industry: the hardest hit by the FOREX crisis calls for solutions
• Retail industry constitutes 23% of the country’s GDP and is hardest hit by the ongoing FOREX crisis
• The wider eco system of employees, suppliers, farmers and consumers of Sri Lanka impacted by the ongoing crisis and is pushing businesses to the brink of collapse
• Goods for sale, raw materials and basic product availability hampered due to the increasing pressure on imports
• Retail sector hugely invested recently for development of Sri Lanka’s retail landscape
• Calls on the government to bring about measures to alleviate the crisis for the industry considering the wider economic impact on eco system.
The retail industry has been under tremendous pressure to deliver during the past one and a half years, mainly owing to closures and disruptions due to the pandemic. The situation has been exacerbated since mid-2021 due to increasing pressure on imports, which has been a core requirement for many retail businesses. The retail industry in Sri Lanka plays a vital role in the country’s economy and it is pertinent to note that the national retail sales in Sri Lanka are approximately USD 13 Bn. As a growing industry over the past years, it accounts for about 23% of the country’s GDP. This industry also represents 14% of the labour market, with more than 1,100,000 people being employed within this sector in Sri Lanka. Additionally, the overall retail industry contributes significantly to the economic value chain of the country in many ways.
The current FOREX crisis and the resultant import restrictions have pushed many of these businesses to the brink of collapse. Consumer durables, clothing and related industries are a case in point where there had been product shortages regularly due to the inability to gather adequate foreign exchange through the banks to fund imports and fulfill local requirements. The situation is moving from bad to worse, with many large entities struggling to keep their branches and facilities open due to a lack of goods for sale. If this continues, it is likely to result in the closure of stores, severely impacting the livelihood of many directly and indirectly dependent on these businesses. This could eventually lead to significant job losses and impact the local economy and result in wider social issues.
Retail is an integral part of the tourism industry and building Sri Lanka as a destination of choice. Notwithstanding, the business losses to thousands of retailers and the affiliated industries such as rental properties currently occupied by these entities, logistics and related businesses providing infrastructure support to several others, such as advertising to service affiliates, would be hard-pressed to survive given the sudden drop in volumes. Education and communication are another two key industries that have been impacted by the FOREX crisis and they too require essential products including computers and communication equipment, which could end up beyond the means of the average citizen both due to the short supply of these goods and increasing cost of imports.
As an industry that contributes heavily with over 25% of GDP and large numbers in employment, a preferred status should be accorded to facilitate FOREX requirements through the banking sector. This would be of national importance given the magnitude of the industry and its contribution toward the overall wellbeing of the economy. The impact of the FOREX crisis on this industry, however, has seen an escalation of grey market activities. This escalation and the establishment of an unorganised business sector could have not only severely impact government coffers but create unmanned parallel imports as well.
The Sri Lanka Retailers’ Association (SLRA) calls on the government and authorities to effectively bring about a system to facilitate the sector’s business continuity through a planned set of actions. One option to consider would be an allocation of FOREX to this sector based on what is available for a given month; thus, there is a particular element of certainty on imports and to manage the uncertainty that prevails currently, to be better. It is also imperative that authorities work out modalities to address the situation where FOREX availability improves soon.
The Sri Lanka Retailers’ Association (SLRA) was established in 2015, which aims to harness the resources of the organized retail industry to a common platform to promote growth, innovation, and global outreach. The association currently consists of 50 corporate members, comprising the organized sector, with over 5000 outlets across 9 sectors in the retail industry.